Various Traditional Cultural Arts Typical Malay Islands Riau Indonesia
Riau Islands Province is also popularly called Kepri, which is the 32nd province which is an area within the unitary state of the Republic of Indonesia. This area was formed based on law No. 25 of 2002.
Speaking of cultural arts, the Riau Islands Province is the warehouse, various types of art and culture exist in the Kepri islands. This is certainly not apart from the past history of Riau Islands. Riau Islands Province was formerly better known as Riau, along with the Johor region of Malaysia until the 19th century to become a joint kingdom known as Johor-Riau and then added with British-Dutch influence that intervened, which eventually led to the kingdom of Johor and Riau split. with their respective sultans.
Art and Culture are two things that are interrelated and very difficult to separate. because in every art must contain a culture that has its own characteristics as well as vice versa in culture must contain beautiful artistic value.
Wayang Cecak is an acculturation between Chinese culture and Malay culture, which is one of the arts that has become a repertoire of oral traditions on the Penyegat island and its existence is increasingly recognized as an oral literature displayed through wayang media. This art is an art that uses hand puppets, made of patchwork played by the puppeteer. By describing life in a box that is approximately two by three meters tall, and the doll is moved by a human hand (dalang) from behind. This art is only shown to the elite and does not spread in the midst of society, until in the 1940s the lizard puppet players who were on Penyengat Island were only one named Khadijah Terung.
Dangkong is one part of traditional traditional dance on the Riau islands. Dangkong dance or more familiarly called joget dangkong was originally a Malay art which was often held by the people of Moro sub-district Karimun district. There were only four musical instruments that were first used in a dangkong dance performance at Moro at that time: Bjole Tempurung, Tabur Gendang, Gong and Babane Drum. This dangkung joget serves as a traditional ceremony, as an entertainer of ancient kingdoms. This dangkong joget art then changes with the times, both changes in musical instruments, changes in the form of performances, changes in information, joget ways, changes in songs, changes in costumes and makeup.
Gobang is the original art of jemaja, anambas islands, Kepri which is unique and unique. For the community, gobang dance is always displayed on important events such as circumcision, marriage, and other holidays. The traditional joget art that looks like a traditional opera in its appearance is always equipped with dancers in strange costumes, all of whom use masks with spooky faces like moyet, giants who are violent and look like other ghosts. The accompanying music consists of a long drum, a short drum and a gong. In the midst of the music, the players sang songs in the local Malay language. The poems contain moral guidance, advice and others.
It is a traditional dance originating from the bintan area. Historically, this slender dance originated from the head of the land of the knife blade. The first dance was played around the 12th century. At that time the dance was played only in the palace of the Malay kingdom. At that time the dance was displayed at certain times, especially to entertain the lords and kings of the court. However, since the kingdom of Bentan experienced a collapse, the dance has been turned into a popular entertainment show. Dance is very popular in Malay people who are widely known in this area. Each performance the dancers show off their ability to pick up something, stand up while leaning backwards.
Mak Yong is a traditional theatrical art of Malay society that is still preserved until now is still often shown. In the old days the mak yong show was held by the villagers in the rice fields after the rice harvest was completed. Mak yong theater art is also found in states like: terengganu, pattani, kelantan, kedah. In Riau Island, Mak Yong Theater is performed by dancers who wear different masks from Malaysia without a mask. Mak yong shows are usually carried by groups of dancers and musicians, which combine various religious, charade, dance, music, vocal, and script elements. The main male and female figures are both female dancers. Mak yong shows accompanied by music such as drums, fiddle and tetawak.
Mendu is an art that is not much different from Mak Yong, who both combine elements of song, dance and theater. Mendu’s art performances are often held in various regions on the Riau islands such as in Anambas (Tarempa and Langi), Natuna (Ranai, Sepempang and Midai). The story that was played was the saga of the mendu god which was lifted from the folklore of the Natuna people. Characters in the performing arts of Mendu, in addition to the Mendu gods themselves are Angkara Dewa, Siti Mahdewi, Maharaja Laksemalik, Kilan Cahaya, Grandma Kebayan, Raja Bahailani, Raja Majusi, Raja Firmansyah, Raja Beruk, and other humorous supporting figures like Selamat Salabe and Tuk Mugok.
Zapin dance is one of the Malay dance groups. The word zapin itself comes from the Arabic language which is ” Zappan ” which means dancer and ” Al Zapin ” which means footwork. You can enjoy this dance that is thick with Arab cultural influences if you visit the Lingga Islands. Usually displayed at certain events or cultural events. Zapin dance has a variety of dance movements, although basically the basic zapin movements are the same, and in principle this dance is educational but displayed with entertaining packaging. The lyrics of the song are quite thick with the nuances of Islamic da’wah. The musical accompaniment consists of two main instruments, namely stringed musical instruments and three percussion instruments in the form of small drums which are often called marwas.